What is the difference between hardscaping and landscaping?

May 8, 2023

Blog feature graphic with text overlay that says "What is the difference between hardscaping and landscaping".
A question I try to explain as often as I can as I always get mistaken for a landscaping contractor.


Differences between hardscaping and landscaping:

Hardscaping and landscaping are two distinct concepts in outdoor design and construction. They refer to different elements of the overall design and composition of an outdoor space.



Hardscaping refers to the non-living or man-made elements in an outdoor space. These are typically constructed features made from materials such as concrete, stone, wood, metal, or other synthetic materials. Hardscape elements can include patios, walkways, retaining walls, decks, pergolas, fences, water features, outdoor kitchens, and other built structures. Hardscaping provides the framework or foundation of an outdoor space and often serves functional purposes such as defining spaces, providing seating or entertaining areas, creating pathways, and managing water drainage.


Landscaping, on the other hand, refers to the living or natural elements in an outdoor space. This includes the design, installation, and maintenance of plants, trees, shrubs, grass, flowers, and other vegetation. Landscaping involves the arrangement of living elements to create an aesthetically pleasing and functional outdoor environment. It may include elements such as lawn areas, flower beds, tree and shrub plantings, and other vegetative features.

Basically, hardscaping focuses on the built or constructed elements of an outdoor space, while landscaping deals with the living or natural elements. Both hardscaping and landscaping are important aspects of outdoor design and work together to create functional, visually appealing, and harmonious outdoor spaces.

Written By Mark D.

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